Searching Anton Kutter
How to Make a Kutter Telescope
Those of us who are Dutch-speaking astronomers of a certain age will all fondly remember “Thieme’s Sterrenboek”. In that book, on page 84, we could all read “how to make a Kutter telescope”.
I had the privilege of meeting the author of that book, Bruno Ernst, several times, and we still entertain an ongoing e-mail correspondence. Just recently, I received his latest book, titled “a Triangle is More than Three Angles” – quite an achievement to publish such a book when you’re over 90 years old...
But what edged me on to try and discover what could still be found about Anton Kutter’s own history? Answer: something that Bruno Ernst told me in August 2014: “Anton asked me for help to do the math for his Schiefspiegler. At first I really didn’t want to, since I found that contraption far too ugly! In nothing it resembled a real telescope: it seemed to point one way but actually looked at something else. But because of our friendship I grudgingly agreed to work on it, together with professor Stauss. And finally...what fine images we saw through that telescope! It worked! Under my guidance hundreds of them were made in the Netherlands and Belgium. I christened those telescopes ‘Kutter telescopes’ myself, much to the chagrin of Anton Kutter himself.”
Searching for the Kutters
And that’s what makes someone curious enough to start digging...Harrie Rutten tipped the scales even more in 2015 when he told me “I was returning from a holiday and decided to make a small detour through Biberach. I visited Anton Kutter’s grave, or at least I planned to, since I found only his parents’ grave. Go figure”.
And search I did. I knew that Flori (Anton’s daughter) was certainly still alive. Google Earth showed us that the film theatre owned by the Kutters still had its observatory dome. And then the search picked up its pace...I found Adrian Kutter’s name on internet, and a few mails and telephone calls confirmed we were on the right track. Those who know me could already see it coming: nothing would prevent me from beating a path to their door!
That feeling only grew once I had also had a meeting with Philippe Mollet, who showed me the history of the telescope of the Mira observatory, plus photos of the Kutter family in...my home town of Ostend! What stories that man can tell...he’s a walking sort of Wikpedia pages (you also get that feeling when you talk to Bruno Ernst, by the way).
Back to the subject, I was very fortunate to have the support of Guy Wauters, who tirelessly drove me everywhere and now also has a pilot’s licence (that certainly allows one to go places!) So, onwards we went, to Biberach and der Riss, to visit Adrian, Claus and Flori Kutter.
Adrian turned out to be in the film business, just like his father, in Biberach and der Riss. Quite far from Ghent and Ostend, so that was quite a journey. The 9 th of November 2016. Adrian had booked a hotel for us, one kilometre from his father’s (and grandfather’s) cinema complex, which had remained property of the Kutters until 2007.
We had agreed to meet at seven pm, at the hotel bar. That first meeting went well; all that mailing to and fro had borne fruit, and Adrian appeared particularly charmed that we had organized a Kutter Schiefspiegler Day and that I had taken the trouble to send him the film we’d made of that day. We had dinner and Adrian told us a wonderful story.
The next day Adrian picked us up to show us around his father Anton’s wondrous world. To us he’s famous as an astronomer, but he was also a well known film director. First stop was the film theatre. Still in use, and very particular: every theatre is named after a planet and the walls are covered by landscapes of those planets.
And, obviously, there’s also that observatory dome on top of the cinema complex! But first, the meeting with Claus and Floriane. Floriane was aloof at first but she had a question: did I know someone called “Brother Erich”? Guessing that was Bruno Ernst, I gave her his telephone number and address in Utrecht...she was quite taken aback. The last time these two had met was in 1968. That had broken the ice!
Onwards to the dome now; that was to be the highlight of the journey. What was still in there, and in what state were the instruments?
The climb up was steep, and the dome hadn’t been opened since 1978, the year in which Anton fell ill. The telescope was still there, laying dormant. In its full glory at first sight, but it really needed some work, and we soon discovered the main mirror was missing! Some sleuthing led us to a pizza box with a hole in the top that contained the mirror. It looked intact, but it sure was in need of being recoated --that mirror is now shining bright again, in a building in Ghent. Strewn around the main telescope: an array of extra telescopes --refractors, Kutter telescopes, Lichtenknecker telescopes, tri-Schiefspiegler--, books, and lots and lots of crates and boxes. What a treasure trove...I plan to write all of my discoveries up in an article in June 2017. Good times ahead!
Last Resting Place
Anton Kutter’s last resting place The grave of Anton is hard to find for a reason: since Anton Kutter’s wife Else was a protestant she was buried with her protestant family, and he was interred with her in 1985. A very austere grave,barely revealing their names on closer inspection. Nonetheless, it’s very impressive to stand here, on the grave of a man who made telescopes accessible to so many amateurs, not only here but in the whole world.
But to end this all and to come back to the title: we were indeed truly visiting Anton Kutter. Everything in the observatory still bore his mark and was infused with his soul. We were truly in the midst of his life; his car was even still in the garage, ready to be driven. You almost felt as if he would appear around he corner, greet you, and take his car for a drive.
Anton Kutter died in 1985 in his native town of Biberach. He was married to Else Kutter, born Erpff (1907-1980) and had three children, Claus (born in 1937), Adrian (born in 1943) and Floriane (born in 1944), to whom he dedicated a telescope mount design (the Flori mount).