Astronomie in de islamwereld notities compact

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3. Afbeelding: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~vika/TeachPort/islam00/esposito/robinson/mapp21_battlesofislamres100.jpg

12. Afbeelding: https://people.highline.edu/iglozman/classes/astronotes/retrograde.htm

44.

22. Afbeelding: http://bodley30.bodley.ox.ac.uk:8180/luna/servlet/view/all/what/MS.%20Marsh%20144?sort=Shelfmark

23. Afbeelding: http://bodley30.bodley.ox.ac.uk:8180/luna/servlet/view/all/what/MS.%20Marsh%20144?sort=Shelfmark

24. Afbeelding: http://bodley30.bodley.ox.ac.uk:8180/luna/servlet/view/all/what/MS.%20Marsh%20144?sort=Shelfmark

13. Afbeelding: http://www.astronomy.ohio-state.edu/~pogge/Ast161/Unit3/greek.html http://www.astro.ufl.edu/~guzman/ast1002/class_notes/Ch1/Ch1.html

25. Afbeelding: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Lunar_eclipse_al-Biruni.jpg

32. Afbeelding: http://www.mhs.ox.ac.uk/astrolabe/catalogue/browseReport/Astrolabe_ID=131.html http://www.mhs.ox.ac.uk/astrolabe/catalogue/browseReport/Astrolabe_ID=149.html

47. Afbeelding: http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/358366

48. Afbeelding: http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details/collection_image_gallery.aspx?partid=1&assetid=402156001&objectid=218322

6. Uit: Khalidi, An Anthology of Arabic Literature , Edinburgh 2016, p.20.

9. Afbeelding: King, “The Sacred direction in Islam”, Interdisciplinary science reviews 10,4 (1985) p. 323 en 324.

16. Afbeelding: Sezgin, Science and technology in Islam Volume 3 , Frankfurt am Main 2010, p. 32.

18. Afbeelding: King, World-maps for finding the direction and distance to Mecca , Leiden & Boston 2014, p. 13.

19. Afbeelding: King, World-maps for finding the direction and distance to Mecca , Leiden & Boston 2014, p. 68-69.

21. Afbeelding: http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/358366 http://www.britishmuseum.org/research/collection_online/collection_object_details/collection_image_gallery.aspx?partid=1&assetid=402156001&objectid=218322

34. Afbeelding: https://www.google.com/doodles/nasir-al-din-al-tusis-812th-birthday

38. Afbeelding: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ibn_al-Shatir#/media/File:Shatir500.jpg http://www.connectionnewspapers.com/news/2012/jul/31/seeking-sundial-observatory-park/

49. Afbeelding: http://webpages.charter.net/darksky25/Astronomy/Articles/sun/sunindex.html

54. Afbeelding: http://www.astro.ufl.edu/~guzman/ast1002/class_notes/Ch1/Ch1.html

27. Afbeelding: http://muslimheritage.com/article/ibn-al-haytham-eye-and-brain-vision-and-perception http://www.visionlearning.com/en/library/Hidden/59/Alhazen:-Early-experiments-on-light/170

31. Afbeelding: http://www.astrolabes.org/pages/parts.htm http://archive.aramcoworld.com/issue/200703/the.astrolabe.a.user.s.guide.htm

57. Afbeelding: Eigen foto

40. Afbeelding: Sezgin, Science and technology in Islam Volume 2 , Frankfurt am Main 2010, p. 69-70.

51. Afbeelding: http://www.qiblaway.com/qibla-direction-gent-belgium/ http://2.muslimproweb.appspot.com/Prayer-times-adhan-Gent-Belgium-2797656

43. Verdere literatuur: Hugonnard-Roche, “The influence of Arabic astronomy in the medieval West”, in Rashed (ed.), Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Science Volume 1 , London 1996.

45. Afbeelding: Gibb, Historical atlas of the Muslim People , Amsterdam 1957, p. 10.

11. Afbeelding: Morrison, “Islamic Astronomy”, in Lindberg & Shank (eds.), Cambridge History of Science Volume 2 , p. 122. Verdere literatuur: http://www.astronomy.ohio-state.edu/~pogge/Ast161/Unit3/greek.html

20. Afbeelding: LucasVB - Own work, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1528090 http://www.stellarium.org/wiki/index.php/Astronomical_Concepts

35. Afbeelding: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Tusi_couple.jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nasir_al-Din_al-Tusi#/media/File:Tusi-couple.gif

50. Afbeelding Sezgin, Science and technology in Islam Volume 1 , Frankfurt am Main 2010, p. 78.

53. Afbeelding: King, “The Sacred direction in Islam”, Interdisciplinary science reviews 10,4 (1985) p. 318.

8. Afbeelding: http://www.islamic-awareness.org/History/Islam/Dome_Of_The_Rock/qibla.html (naar King & Hawkins, “On the Orientation of the Ka ʿ ba”)

29. Afbeelding: Sezgin, Science and technology in Islam Volume 2 , Frankfurt am Main 2010, p. 116.

41. Afbeelding Sezgin, Science and technology in Islam Volume 2 , Frankfurt am Main 2010, p. 73. Eigen foto

46. Afbeelding: Gibb, Historical atlas of the Muslim People , Amsterdam 1957, p. 9.

17. Afbeelding: eigen foto http://cartographic-images.net/Cartographic_Images/226.1_al-Umari.html Verdere literatuur: King, “Mathematical Astronomy in Islamic Civilization”, in Selin & Xiaochun (eds.), Astronomy across cultures , Dordrecht 2000, p. 615-650.

36. Afbeelding: Morrison, “Islamic Astronomy”, in Lindberg & Shank (eds.), Cambridge History of Science Volume 2 , p. 130.

39. Verdere literatuur: Morrison, “Islamic Astronomy”, in Lindberg & Shank (eds.), Cambridge History of Science Volume 2 , p. 137-8.

52. Afbeelding: King, “The Sacred direction in Islam”, Interdisciplinary science reviews 10,4 (1985) p. 317. Opmerking: Zuiden is boven bij Arabische manuscripten

55. Afbeelding: King, “Astronomy and Islamic society: qibla, gnomonics and timekeeping”, in Rashed (ed.), Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Science Volume 1 , London 1996, p. 171-172.

56. Afbeelding: King, “Astronomy and Islamic society: qibla, gnomonics and timekeeping”, in Rashed (ed.), Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Science Volume 1 , London 1996, p. 174.

14. Afbeelding: Morrison, “Islamic Astronomy”, in Lindberg & Shank (eds.), Cambridge History of Science Volume 2 , p. 124. Verdere literatuur: http://www.astronomy.ohio-state.edu/~pogge/Ast161/Unit3/greek.html

33. Afbeelding: http://www.mhs.ox.ac.uk/astrolabe/catalogue/browseReport/Astrolabe_ID=163.html Sezgin, Science and technology in Islam Volume 2 , Frankfurt am Main 2010, p. 123.

28. Afbeelding: Sezgin, Science and technology in Islam Volume 2 , Frankfurt am Main 2010, p. 183. Verdere literatuur: http://astrolabesandstuff.blogspot.be/2013/01/difference-between-astrolabe-equatorium.html

30. Afbeelding: http://archive.aramcoworld.com/issue/200703/the.astrolabe.a.user.s.guide.htm Verdere literatuur: Sezgin, Science and technology in Islam Volume 2 , Frankfurt am Main 2010, p. 78-202. http://www.astrolabes.org/

5. Afbeelding: Kennedy, “The Star-charts: Arabic Constellations - Star Names Used by the Arabs in the Indian Ocean”, in Kennedy (ed.), Historical Atlas of Islam . Leiden 2002. Verdere literatuur: Varisco, “Islamic Folk Astronomy”, in Selin & Xiaochun (eds.), Astronomy across cultures , Dordrecht 2000, p. 615-650.

7. Afbeelding: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kaaba#/media/File:Mosqu%C3%A9e_Masjid_el_Haram_%C3%A0_la_Mecque.jpg Verdere literatuur: King & Hawkins, “On the Orientation of the Ka ʿ ba”, Journal of the History of Astronomy 13 (1982), p. 102-109.

1. Algemene literatuur: North, Cosmos. An Illustrated history of astronomy and cosmology , Chicago 2008. Masood, Science & Islam. A history , Crows Nest 2009. Al-Khalili, Pathfinders Golden Age of Arabic Science, New York 2012. Dallal, “Science, Medicine and Technology. The making of a scientific culture”, in Esposito (ed.), Oxford history of Islam , Oxford 1999, p. 155-214.

26. Uit: Saliba, “Al-Biruni and the sciences of his time”, in Young & Latham & Serjeant (eds.), Religion, Learning and Science in the ʿ Abbasid Period , Cambridge 1990, p. 413. Verdere literatuur: Ragep, “Tusi and Copernicus: the earth’s motion in context”, Science in Context 14 (2001), p. 145-163.

37. Afbeelding: https://beforenewton.wordpress.com/daily-readings/september-2-islamic-cosmology/ http://www.whettonandgrosch.co.uk/projects/maragha-observatory/ Verdere literatuur: Sayili, The observatory in Islam , Ankara 1960. Sezgin, Science and technology in Islam Volume 2 , Frankfurt am Main 2010, p. 19-77.

10. Afbeelding: https://attwiw.files.wordpress.com/2015/10/map-islamic-expansion-to-750.jpg Verdere literatuur: Von Grunebaum, Classical Islam. A history 600 AD to 1258 AD , New Brunswick 2009. Kennedy, The Prophet and the Age of the Caliphates , London 1986.

2. Afbeelding: http://www.technology.org/2014/10/31/big-big-dipper/ , by Jerry Lodriguss Verdere literatuur: - Lijst met maankraters en islamitische astronomen: http://www.icoproject.org/cra.html?l=en - Lijst met sterren met een naam van Arabische oorsprong: http://www.icoproject.org/star.html met Arabisch schrift: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Arabic_star_names - Kunitzsch, “A note on star names, especially Arabic, and their literature”, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 20 (1979), p. 478-480.

15. Verdere literatuur: Balty-Guesdon, “Le bayt al- ḥ ikma de Baghdad”, Arabica 39 (1992), p. 131-150. Saliba, Islamic Science and the Making of the European Renaissance , Cambridge & London 2007. Gutas, Greek thought, Arabic culture , London 1999. Al-Hassan, “The age of translation and the beginning of the scientific renaissance”, in al-Hassan (ed.), The different aspects of Islamic Culture Volume 4 , Paris 2001, p. 87-110.

4. Verdere literatuur: Saliba, “Science before Islam”, in al-Hassan (ed.), The different Aspects of Islamic Culture Vol. 4, Paris 2001, p. 27-49. Pellat, “Anwā ʾ ”, Encyclopedia of Islam, 2 nd edition . De Blois, “Ta ʾ rī k ̲ h”, Encyclopedia of Islam, 2 nd edition .

42. Afbeelding: Eigen foto Verdere literatuur: Ragep, “Copernicus and his Islamic predecessors: some historical remarks”, Filozofski vestnik 25 (2004), p. 125-142. Kennedy, “Late Medieval Planetary Theory”, Isis 57 (1966), p. 365-378. Rosinska, “Na ṣ īr al-Dīn al- Ṭ ūsī and Ibn al-Shā ṭ ir in Cracow?”, Isis 65 (1974), p. 239-243. Saliba, “Whose science is Arabic Science in Renaissance Europe”, http://www.columbia.edu/~gas1/project/visions/case1/sci.3.html

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